A Comparative Analysis of the Mathematics Curriculum on Time-related Contents: Focusing on Korea, Japan, Australia, the United States, and Finland
한채린 Han Chaereen
24(3) 115-134, 2021
DOI: JANT Vol.24(No.3) 115-134, 2021
This study implemented a comparative analysis of the international mathematics curriculum on time learning. It aimed the improvement of challenges students facing when they learn time. As a preliminary step, I reviewed the previous literature on teaching and learning of time, and based on this, I drew five issues that require to be considered for better time learning. The coverage of time contents and the learning periods of respective time contents were compared across the mathematics curriculum of Korea, Japan, Australia, the United States, and Finland. The textbook cases of those countries were analyzed with a special focus on the five issues. The results showed that the Korean curriculum assigned time learning contents compressively during short periods compared to other countries. responded to the issues on teaching and learning of time, several improvement ideas were deduced from textbook cases of other countries. Implications for the curriculum reform were discussed underlying the results.
A Longitudinal Analysis of the Influence of Teachers' Achievement Pressure and Enthusiasm Perceived by Students on Academic Achievement in Mathematics: For Elementary and Middle School Students
김용석 Kim Yongseok
24(3) 135-156, 2021
DOI: JANT Vol.24(No.3) 135-156, 2021
Achievement pressure and enthusiasm affecting mathematics academic achievement are constantly changing and affecting academic achievement. Therefore, a longitudinal study is needed to examine the influence of the change patterns of teachers' achievement pressure and enthusiasm on the change patterns of academic achievement. This study utilized student data from the 5th grade of elementary school (2013 year) to the third grade of middle school (2017 year) of the Korean Education Longitudinal Study 2013. The longitudinal change patterns of mathematics academic achievement were classified into similar subgroups and the influence of the longitudinal change patterns of the achievement pressure and enthusiasm of each group on the longitudinal change pattern of mathematics academic achievement and the path were compared and analyzed. As a result of the analysis, in all four subgroups with similar longitudinal changes in mathematics academic achievement, the teacher's achievement pressure showed little change from the fifth grade, while the teacher's enthusiasm continued to decline from the fifth grade. In addition, the influence of teachers' achievement pressure and enthusiasm perceived by students in each group on mathematics academic achievement was different. This suggests that in order to improve mathematics academic achievement, it is necessary to support teaching and learning reflecting the characteristics and dispositions of students.
An Analysis of Elementary Mathematics Lessons Considering Social Connections
김정원 Kim Jeongwon , 김유경 Kim Yukyung , 방정숙 Pang JeongSuk
24(3) 157-174, 2021
DOI: JANT Vol.24(No.3) 157-174, 2021
This study analyzed the process of establishing a social structure in a third-grade mathematics classroom for one semester and explored learning processes based on various social interactions and relationships between the teacher and students. In the early phase of the semester, main foci were placed on establishing an overall social norms and basic social structure for effective mathematical learning. In the middle phase of the semester, an emphasis among students’ interactions was given to exploration of mathematical concepts. Students tended to ask whatever they did not know exactly and clearly understood what to explain. In the late phase of the semester, students' individual disposition was further considered. Disciplinary personality traits including intellectual courage, honesty, consideration, and cooperation were emphasized along with mathematical exploration. Based on these research results, this study was intended to provide implications for implementing more meaningful mathematics lessons by fully considering not only mathematical connections but also social connections.
Education of Primary School Mathematics
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