정찬식 Chan Sik Jung , 노은환 Eun Hwan Roh

DOI: JANT Vol.17(No.1) 57-75, 2014

Problem Solving has been emphasized for recent decades, and many research case studies have been used to improve students` Problem Solving abilities. However, the gap of students` abilities can be easily shown after enrollment into school in spite of scholar`s attempt to reduce students` level of differentiation. Besides, it is clear that teachers have been too readily assisting students` and not allowing them to acquire the process of Problem Solving, and this may be due to impatience. Therefore, students seem to show signs of the dependent tendency towards teachers and other materials. This tendency easily allows students` to depend on teaching resources without attempting any developmental mechanism of Problem Solving. The presupposition of this study is that every student must solve a problem without any assistance, and also this study is to provide new cognitive strategies for both teachers and students who want to solve their problems by themselves through the process of visible Problem Solving. After applying the student-based problem-solving model by this study, it was found to be effective. Therefore this will lead to the improvement of the Problem Solving and knowledge acquisition of students.